Knee surgery: What to expect

Apr 28, 2023 | Articles, Blog

Knee surgery or Knee arthroscopy is a procedure that involves repairing or replacing damaged knee joints. Most patients find such a procedure to be daunting and even terrifying but, understanding the procedure may bring you some peace of mind. Knee arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgery used to diagnose and treat minor injuries in the knee. Once a problem has been identified, the surgeon can either make small incisions to insert a small camera and instruments to repair the injury or the small camera can be used to confirm the need for a knee replacement.

Types of Knee Surgery

There are various reasons for knee surgery but, the most common reason is to ease pain caused by arthritis of the joints. The type of knee surgery will depend on the type and extent of damage in the patient’s knee.

The five most common knee surgeries include:

  1. Arthroscopy: a minimally invasive surgery that involves inserting a small camera to examine the inside of the knee joint. The camera can also be used along with small instruments to remove and repair damaged tissue within the joint.
  2. Ligament reconstruction: is performed to repair or replace a torn ligament in the knee. This is done to repair injuries such as ACL tears caused by sports injuries or accidents.
  3. Cartilage Repair: this involves the repairing or replacing of damaged cartilage in the joint. This is most commonly done to treat knee injuries or osteoarthritis.
  4. Partial Knee Replacement: this involves replacing only the part of the knee that has been damaged beyond repair due to most commonly arthritis.
  5. Total Knee Replacement: this involves replacing the entire knee joint with an artificial joint. It is mostly done due to severe arthritis or a serious knee injury.


What Can I Expect after Knee Surgery?

The outcome and recovery time from knee surgery may differ due to a number of factors such as the type of surgery performed and the overall health of the patient. After knee replacement surgery the patient will typically be allowed to leave the hospital after 2 – 5 days, and they will be able to resume their daily activities about 6 weeks post-surgery. This however will all depend on the recovery and rehabilitation plan that the doctor will prescribe, and the patient has to follow. This plan will allow the patient to leave the hospital earlier, regain movement and strength in the knee sooner and get back to their daily lives within the 6-week average.


How Long will My Recovery Take?

A week after knee surgery patients will be able to walk with the aid of a cane or walker, within a month you will see a reduction in swelling and redness around the incision and by the three-month mark you will be able to walk around without a cane or walker and the stiffness in the knee will lessen. It is important though, that you keep up with the rehabilitation plan that your doctor has prescribed to recover fully.


Knee surgery is a common procedure that will help to repair knee injuries and relieve chronic pain. If you are concerned about a knee injury or considering a knee replacement, it is essential that you speak to your doctor today. For more information or to book a consultation, contact us today.