Hip surgery is a medical procedure used to treat various conditions affecting the hip, e.g. the hip joint, such as arthritis, fractures, or avascular necrosis or the muscles or other structures surrounding the hip. There are different types of hip surgeries available depending on the patient’s condition and the severity of their symptoms. Some of the most common hip surgeries include total hip replacement, hip resurfacing, and hip arthroscopy. These procedures are performed by a specialized orthopedic surgeon and involve the removal of damaged tissue or bones and replacing them with prosthetic or artificial joints to restore the hip’s functionality. After hip surgery, patients will need to undergo a period of rehabilitation and physical therapy to regain mobility, strength, and flexibility in the hip joint.
Hip arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to diagnose and treat problems in the hip joint. During a hip arthroscopy, a small camera (arthroscope) is inserted through a small incision into the hip joint. The arthroscope allows the surgeon to see inside the joint and identify any problems, such as damage to the cartilage, labrum, or femoral head-neck junction. If a problem is identified, the surgeon can use small surgical instruments that are inserted through other small incisions in the hip to repair or remove damaged tissue. For example, if there is a torn labrum, the surgeon may use a small instrument to repair the tear. Hip arthroscopy can also be used to remove bone spurs or damaged tissue that may be causing pain or limiting movement in the joint.
Hip arthroscopy is usually performed as an outpatient procedure, meaning the patient can go home the same day. The recovery time after hip arthroscopy is typically shorter than with traditional open surgery, and patients may be able to return to their normal activities within a few weeks, depending on the extent of the surgery. Physical therapy may also be recommended to help restore strength and flexibility in the hip joint. However, not all hip conditions can be treated with arthroscopy, and some may require open surgery.
In a total hip replacement (also called total hip arthroplasty), the damaged bone and cartilage is removed and replaced with prosthetic components. Hip replacement surgery is usually recommended for people who have severe hip pain and stiffness that limits their ability to perform daily activities, and who have not found relief with other treatments, such as medications, physical therapy, or injections. During the hip replacement surgery, the damaged bone and cartilage are removed from the hip joint and replaced with metal and plastic components that mimic the natural shape and movement of the joint.. After hip replacement surgery, patients usually stay in the hospital for a few days for monitoring and rehabilitation. Physical therapy is an important part of the recovery process, as it can help patients regain strength and mobility in the hip joint. Recovery time varies depending on the individual and the extent of the surgery, but most people can return to their normal activities within a few weeks to a few months after surgery.