Hip Arthroscopy and Replacements

Hip Surgery

Hip surgery is a medical procedure used to treat various conditions affecting the hip, e.g. the hip joint, such as arthritis, fractures, or avascular necrosis or the muscles or other structures surrounding the hip. There are different types of hip surgeries available depending on the patient’s condition and the severity of their symptoms. Some of the most common hip surgeries include total hip replacement, hip resurfacing, and hip arthroscopy. These procedures are performed by a specialized orthopedic surgeon and involve the removal of damaged tissue or bones and replacing them with prosthetic or artificial joints to restore the hip’s functionality. After hip surgery, patients will need to undergo a period of rehabilitation and physical therapy to regain mobility, strength, and flexibility in the hip joint.

Hip Arthroscopy

Hip arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to diagnose and treat problems in the hip joint. During a hip arthroscopy, a small camera (arthroscope) is inserted through a small incision into the hip joint. The arthroscope allows the surgeon to see inside the joint and identify any problems, such as damage to the cartilage, labrum, or femoral head-neck junction. If a problem is identified, the surgeon can use small surgical instruments that are inserted through other small incisions in the hip to repair or remove damaged tissue. For example, if there is a torn labrum, the surgeon may use a small instrument to repair the tear. Hip arthroscopy can also be used to remove bone spurs or damaged tissue that may be causing pain or limiting movement in the joint.

Hip arthroscopy is usually performed as an outpatient procedure, meaning the patient can go home the same day. The recovery time after hip arthroscopy is typically shorter than with traditional open surgery, and patients may be able to return to their normal activities within a few weeks, depending on the extent of the surgery. Physical therapy may also be recommended to help restore strength and flexibility in the hip joint. However, not all hip conditions can be treated with arthroscopy, and some may require open surgery.

Hip Replacement

In a total hip replacement (also called total hip arthroplasty), the damaged bone and cartilage is removed and replaced with prosthetic components. Hip replacement surgery is usually recommended for people who have severe hip pain and stiffness that limits their ability to perform daily activities, and who have not found relief with other treatments, such as medications, physical therapy, or injections. During the hip replacement surgery, the damaged bone and cartilage are removed from the hip joint and replaced with metal and plastic components that mimic the natural shape and movement of the joint.. After hip replacement surgery, patients usually stay in the hospital for a few days for monitoring and rehabilitation. Physical therapy is an important part of the recovery process, as it can help patients regain strength and mobility in the hip joint. Recovery time varies depending on the individual and the extent of the surgery, but most people can return to their normal activities within a few weeks to a few months after surgery.

Hip arthroplasty/replacement FAQ

What is hip arthroscopy, and how is it performed?

Hip arthroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure that uses a small camera to diagnose and treat hip injuries and conditions. It is performed by making small incisions in the hip and inserting a camera and instruments.

Who is a good candidate for hip arthroscopy, and what conditions can it treat?

Good candidates for hip arthroscopy are those with hip pain, swelling, and limited mobility that hasn’t improved with other treatments. It can treat a range of conditions, including hip impingement, labral tears, and loose bodies in the joint.

What are the risks and potential complications associated with hip arthroscopy?

Risks and complications of hip arthroscopy can include infection, bleeding, nerve damage, and blood clots. However, these risks are relatively rare, and most patients experience significant improvement in hip function and pain relief.

How long does it take to recover from hip arthroscopy, and what can patients expect during the recovery process?

Recovery from hip arthroscopy can take several weeks to several months, depending on the individual. During the recovery process, patients may need to use crutches, attend physical therapy, and avoid certain activities that can stress the hip joint.

What types of hip injuries and conditions can be diagnosed and treated with arthroscopy?

Hip arthroscopy can diagnose and treat a range of injuries and conditions, including hip impingement, labral tears, loose bodies, and synovitis.

Can hip arthroscopy be done using minimally invasive techniques, and what are the benefits of this approach?

Hip arthroscopy can be done using minimally invasive techniques, which can reduce pain and recovery time. Benefits of this approach include less scarring, reduced blood loss, and a faster return to normal activities.

What types of physical therapy and rehabilitation are necessary after hip arthroscopy, and how long does it take to regain full mobility and function?

Physical therapy and rehabilitation are necessary after hip arthroscopy to help patients regain mobility and strength. Recovery time varies, but most patients can expect to achieve full mobility and function within several months.

How long do the results of hip arthroscopy last, and what can patients do to ensure the longevity of their hip joint?

The results of hip arthroscopy can last for years, but the lifespan of the joint may vary depending on the individual. Patients can ensure the longevity of their hip joint by following their surgeon’s post-operative instructions and maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

Are there any alternative treatments for hip pain or damage that can be considered before resorting to arthroscopy?

Alternative treatments for hip pain or damage can include medications, physical therapy, injections, and weight loss. However, in cases of severe hip damage, arthroscopy may be the best option for long-term relief.

What can patients do to prepare for hip arthroscopy, and what can they expect before, during, and after the procedure?

Patients can prepare for hip arthroscopy by following their surgeon’s pre-operative instructions, including stopping certain medications and preparing their home for post-operative recovery. They can expect to be in the hospital for a few hours or a day after surgery, attend physical therapy, and gradually increase their activity level over time.