If a problem is identified, the surgeon can use small surgical instruments that are inserted through other small incisions in the shoulder to repair or remove damaged tissue. For example, if there is a torn rotator cuff, the surgeon may use a small instrument to reattach the torn tendon to the bone. Shoulder arthroscopy can also be used to remove bone spurs or damaged tissue that may be causing pain or limiting movement in the joint.
Shoulder arthroscopy is usually performed as an outpatient procedure, meaning the patient can go home the same day. The recovery time after shoulder arthroscopy is typically shorter than with traditional open surgery, and patients may be able to return to their normal activities within a few weeks, depending on the extent of the surgery. Physical therapy may also be recommended to help restore strength and flexibility in the shoulder joint.